I am living in a country that will likely triple its economy within 20 years, according to the World Bank. Energy and petrochemical use will grow sharply. The extra energy needed by China between now and 2020 is equivalent to all of Western Europe’s energy demand today. Air pollution is already a serious problem in many Chinese cities. With coal meeting 70% of today’s energy needs, China’s greenhouse gas emissions are the second highest in the world. The government is committed to delivering tomorrow’s energy in a sustainable way and we are working closely with our Chinese partners to help develop the clean energy and petrochemicals the country needs to grow.
Developing gas: West-East project
The West-East gas project moved forward in 2002. It will develop gas from China’s major reserves in the West and transport it more than 4,000km to the fast growing cities of the East. When completed the project will deliver approximately o third of China’s current gas demand. We are a potential investor in the project and, as part of a group of international companies, signed a Joint Venture Framework Agreement with PetroChina in 2002. Working with our partners to manage the environmental and social impacts of such a complex project remains a challenge. We have agreed environmental and social standards with PetroChina, and completed extra environmental and social impact assessment work to international standards. This included one of the largest social impact surveys ever done in China. It was carried out by UNDP, which interviewed approximately 10,000 people along the pipeline’s path (see www.unchina.org/undp/documents/siasurvey).
This work has led to environmental and social management plans being developed, including plans for dealing with protected areas, cultural heritage sites and reserves, and managing biodiversity.
Quality transport fuels and renewable energy
Shell is also selling high quality lubricants in more than 250 Chinese cities, is setting up a joint venture with Sinopec for 500 service stations, and is part of a project in Xinjiang, Western China, to deliver solar electricity to up to 78,000 rural homes.
Resettlement at Nanhai petrochemicals complex
In 2002, we gave the final go-ahead to build a large petrochemicals complex in Daya Bay, Southern China, a $4.3 billion project in which CNOOC Petrochemicals Investment Limited and Shell each have a 50% share in a joint venture company, the CNCXDC and Shell Petrochemicals Company Limited. It is Shell’s largest investment so far in China. The joint venture is working with the government to mitigate the impact on the environment and manage social issues related to the project. The joint venture is committed to meet international social and environmental standards, including Shell’s Business Principles. A full environmental and social impact assessment was completed in August 2002 (see www.cnoocshell.com).
As with many projects in China, people needed to be relocated. We have developed a Resettlement Action Plan (see www.cnoocshell.com) in line with World Bank standards to help manage this process. The move is being carried out by the government in accordance with this plan. Nearly 1,500 families were moved in February 2002 to accommodation better than they left to allow site preparation to begin. Another 900 families living close to the site will be moved in the middle of 2003. The joint venture company is monitoring the resettlement, and a team of external experts led by Robert Barclay (an internationally-recognised resettlement expert), started a programme of checking progress of the resettlement every six months.
We also asked the UNDP to review the resettlement programme. Their report is expected to identify areas for further improvement of resettlement practices that can be applied elsewhere in China.
Tan Ek Kia, Country Chair of Shell Companies in North East Asia, reports.